A listener recently asked me if I had any resources on Intersectional Feminism. There's nothing I like better than curating resources for people who want to learn and grow! Note that this list is obviously not exhaustive, and that many of the articles have extra reading lists within them. There are nested opportunities for self-education here. Have fun!
What is Intersectional Feminism?
Let's start by defining our terms.
Feminism = Merriam-Webster defines it as "the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes, and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests."
Intersectionality = the theory was first introduced by Kimberlé Crenshaw, and Merriam-Webster agrees that it's the complex, cumulative manner in which the effects of different forms of discrimination combine, overlap, or intersect. Or, as Jarune Uwujaren and Jamie Utt put it: "intersectionality is a framework that must be applied to all social justice work, a frame that recognizes the multiple aspects of identity that enrich our lives and experiences and that compound and complicate oppressions and marginalizations."
Intersectional Feminsim = The idea that femininsm (the pursuit of political, economic, and social equality) must take into account factors other than sex/gender that impede the pursuit of political, economic, and social equality. (That's my extrapolation on the definitions and the reading I've been doing.)
And a bonus term: White Feminism = white supremacy disguised as Nice White Feminists. This way of practicing feminism excludes any experience beyond that of the standard defined by the implicit biases rooted in white supremacy: white, middle class, cisgender, heterosexual, and able-bodied. White Feminism is feminism for white people. Basically, the opposite of Intersectional Feminism. A couple resources below will expand on this. (Again, my take on it.)
Some Primers and Articles to Read
Many people more intelligent and experienced than I have written about this topic. Here are a few that I've curated for you.
Here's a video of Kimberlé Crenshaw giving a keynote on Intersectionality at the Women of the World Festival, in 2016.
Rowan Grigsby's How to survive in intersectional feminist spaces 101 and So you think you know a thing: Feministing 201 There are lots of great resources linked in this article, as well as all the basics for being a good intersectionalist in social justice spaces (and life). This is a white person educating white people; an excellent use of a white person's activism energy.
Ijeoma Oluo's A Special Note to White Feminists:
"When white feminists decide that they are going to finally talk about racism in the feminist movement and decide to fabricate a target that fits their needs (instead of raising the voices of feminists of color or discussing the specific issues we’ve raised), they both insult women of color and degrade the feminist movement."
Cate Young's This is What I Mean When I Say "White Feminism":
"It is the feminism you probably first learned. "White feminism" is the feminism that doesn't understand western privilege, or cultural context. It is the feminism that doesn't consider race as a factor in the struggle for equality."
Tamela J. Gordon's Why I'm Giving Up on Intersectional Feminism offers this incisive critique of Intersectional Feminism:
"For starters, many white women announced themselves as intersectional feminists, yet, were still completely detached from the lives and issues of cis and trans black women and women of color. I also noticed that black women and women of color weren’t too quick to join the intersectional movement either. Instincts and too many bad experiences in white-centered environments made them very distrustful of intersectional feminism."
Here's Plan A Magazine's podcast episode on Asian Feminism vs. White Feminism - a perspective that often gets lost, as white people like to lump Asians (a "model minority") into whiteness when it suits them.
A Vox Explainer on "The waves of feminism, and why people keep fighting over them."
If you like graphics, this is a fantastic look at how one would (most likely unconsciously) wield one's privilege to oppress others. You can read more about it here.